Residential Types of Roofs
It’s not usually the first thing you notice, but your roof says a lot about you and your home. We have included a few of the most common types of residential roofs and roofing materials – both natural and synthetic – to fit your budget and style.
Here are a few pros to having composition shingles:
- Easy on the wallet – They’re one of the most affordable of all roofing materials and since they’re easily replaceable, this type of roofing style can cut down your repair costs.
- They’re durable – Composition roofs can usually last more than 30 years, depending on the weight of the shingle. Composition shingles are very fire resistant, as well.
- Variety of styles – Composition shingles can come in various colors, textures and styles, making it easy to select shingles that will complement the style of your home.
Here are a few pros to having wood shingles:
- Beautiful – The character of wood shingles blends nicely with the landscape and other surroundings. Its natural color and look enhance your home’s overall curb appeal and over time, the cedar will change to a more old-fashioned, silver color.
- Light – Second to asphalt shingles, wood (cedar) shingles are one of the most lightweight roofing materials, making it easier to repair.
- Insulated – Cedar wood is a natural thermal insulator, keeping your house cool during the summer and lowering the heating bill in the winter.
Here are a few pros to having metal roofing:
- Environmentally Friendly – Metal roofing is easily made from recycled metals and can generally be laid directly on top of old roofing materials, like composition shingles.
- Tough Against the Elements – Most metal roofing can withstand a great deal of storm damage including hail, rain, winds and fire. Metal roofing materials have a Class-A fire rating, making it the most fire-resistant option available.
- Longevity – Depending on the material, metal shingles can last 40+ years.
Clay tiles are all-natural and are fired in a kiln. They are generally one of the most expensive and heaviest of roofing materials. Clay tiles will last a long time, however, as they are environmentally friendly and are resistant to both freezing and hot temperatures, as well as the sun’s harmful UV rays. However, they’re not optimal in Colorado due to being vulnerable to cracking in extremely low temperatures.
Here are a few pros to having clay tiles:
- Insulation – Since hot and cold temperatures don’t affect clay tiles as much as other roofing materials, clay is a natural insulator, keeping the energy bill low.
- Low-maintenance – Clay tiles don’t absorb water, mold or mildew very well, making them basically maintenance free.
- Color – Clay tiles don’t lose their color much since they are a natural roofing material.
Slate tiles are natural, shingle-like flat sheets of rock. Slate tiles can also be very pricey and heavy for your roof, but the stone look provides plenty of curb appeal to your home. Because of its weight, slate tiles do require extra roof support and framing. This roofing material requires professional installation, as walking on these tiles can be difficult and result in breaking the stone slates.
Here are a few pros to having slate tiles:
- Lifespan – Slate rock can last a very long time, often more than 100 years while maintaining its appearance over time.
- Low-maintenance – Rock is resistant to fire, moisture and insects, protecting your home from the outside elements with little-to-no maintenance.
- Home Value – Due to its durability and beautiful, natural appearance, the value of your home will increase, making it overall more appealing to buyers if you ever sell it.
Residential Roof Styles
This style of roof is mostly associated with barns and residential homes with lots of attic space, so much that there’s room to turn them into bedrooms or extra spaces.
Residential Roof Pitch
Knowing the pitch or angle of your roof is helpful when you’re thinking of additions or remodels, roof repairs or roof replacements.
Your home’s roof pitch is calculated by the number of inches the roof rises vertically for every 12 inches that the roof extends horizontally. If your roof rises 8 inches for every 12 inches of horizontal run, your roof has a 8-in-12 pitch.
- Flat Roof – Anything under 2-in-12 pitch
- Low Slope Roof – Anything from 2-in-12 to 4-in-12 pitch
- Steep Slope Roof – Anything above 4-in-12 pitch (usually up to 21-in-12 pitch)